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PRACTICE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Which of the following is false? a. Measles has an incubation period from the time of exposure to onset of fever of about 10 days b. Measles mortality rate is highest in the very young and very old c. Persistence of measles in a community depends on human and animal reservoirs d. Measles is caused by paramyxovirus e. Measles is uncommon during pregnancy 2. What is not a commonality between smallpox and measles? a. Both provide long-term immunity for survivors b. Both are transmitted by inhalation c. Humans are the only hosts d. The origins are traced back to the early agricultural period e. One of the most potent signs is a high fever 3. Which of the following scientist-contribution statements is/are true for measles? a. Hektoen – discovered identity b. Panum – produced effective vaccine c. Enders – was able to grow samples of the virus d. Panum – discovered that the rash appears 12-14 days after contact with infected persons e. All but one of the above 4. What is/are other names given for Syphilis? a. The Great Imitator b. The French Disease c. The Black Lion d. Cupid Disease e. All of the above 5. Which of the following is not true about Syphilis a. During the primary stage, painless sores called chancres appear and heal without treatment; this is the contagious stage b. During the secondary stage symptoms can include multiple sores. All symptoms would go away with treatment; during this stage the disease is not contagious. c. During the tertiary stage, although no longer contagious, the disease can be lethal to the host d. During the latent stage, there is a short period when there are no symptoms; disease is not contagious. e. People who are infected with syphilis in the past year but show no symptoms would be diagnosed with early latent syphilis 6. Which of the following is not a possible causal factor for the disappearance of Hansen’s disease? a. Loss of pathogenecity b. Climate c. Genetic selection of the population d. Decrease socio-economic conditions e. Cross immunity with other Mycobacteria 7. Punched-out-appearing lesions that look like inverted saucers are common to what stage of leprosy? a. Tuberculoid (TT) b. Indeterminate (IL) c. Lepromatous (LL) d. Borderline lepromatous (BL) e. Borderline tuberculoid (BT) 8. Which of the following diseases are limited to human reservoirs? a. Measles, Cholera, Smallpox, Leprosy b. Smallpox, Measles, Syphilis, Tuberculosis c. Syphilis, Cholera, Tuberculosis, Measles d. Syphilis, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Smallpox e. Cholera, Measles, Leprosy, Smallpox 9. According to the material presented in class, which of the following statements is not true of measles: a. Measles is not highly contagious because it is caused by a paramyxovirus b. Patients develop coryza, cough, and conjunctivitis during the enanthem stage of the disease c. Antibodies that infants receive trans-placentally from moms who have had measles provide lifelong immunity d. A & C e. All of the above 10. Roman Fever was later discovered to have been what illness? a. Snail Fever b. The Common Flu c. Smallpox d. Lymphoma e. Malaria 11. A person infected with Syphilis is considered contagious in which of the following stage(s)? a. Primary Stage b. Secondary Stage c. Tertiary Stage d. Primary Stage and Secondary Stage e. Secondary and Tertiary Stage 12. Who is considered the “father of clinical observation”? a. Sir Alexander Fleming b. Thomas Sydenham c. Francis Home d. John Snow e. Edward Jenner 13. What group of viruses is measles a part of? a. Paramyxovirus b. Treponoma Pallidum c. Mycobacterium d. Varioloa e. None of the above 14. Which of the following is not used to treat Hansen’s disease: a. Dapsone b. Rifampicin c. Clofazimine d. Bacille Calmet Guerrin e. None of the above 15. In which situational context was smallpox first recognized: a. In southern Italy, in ancient Roman tombs b. In northeast Africa, in ancient Egyptian skeletons c. In Portuguese coastal regions, among sailormen d. In southwestern Asia, in densely populated villages e. On the east coast of North America, in the native populations 16. Which plague of antiquity is smallpox believed to be referred to as: a. Pharaoh’s plague b. Plague of Athens c. Roman Fever d. Antonine Plague e. Cyprian Plague 17. During the ____ epidemic of cholera; ____ was able to isolate the microbe Vibrio cholera a. 6 ; Ross rd b. 3 ; Koch th c. 5 ; Koch nd d. 2 ; Manson th e. 4 ; Ross 18. Which of the following statement(s) regarding Smallpox is/are incorrect: a. The mummified head of Pharaoh Ramses V showed the effects of smallpox b. It is also known as the Plague of Constantine and led to the decline of the Roman Empire th c. Smallpox decided the fate of the French-Indian war in the mid-18 century d. Both b and c are incorrect e. A, B and C are correct 19. Which disease is known as “the great imitator” a. Pinta b. Measles c. Yaws d. Syphilis e. Leprosy 20. Which plague of antiquity was thought to result from the ‘bad air’ due to vapors released from the marshes in the summer months: a. Plague of Athens b. Antonine Plague c. Cyprian Plague d. Roman Fever e. Justinian Plague 21. The organism that causes syphilis is: a. Treponema Pallidum b. Orthopoxvirus c. Plasmodium d. Miscillus e. Yersinia Pestis 22. Which stage of Leprosy is the earliest and mildest form of the disease: a. Tuberculoid (TT) b. Intermediate (IL) c. Borderline Tuberculoid (BT) d. Borderline Lepromatous (BL) e. Lepromatous (LL) 23. Some cases of plague occur without the development of buboes where the bacteria enters the bloodstream. This form of the disease is known as: a. Bubonic plague b. Pneumonic plague c. Septicemic plague d. Black Death e. None of the above 24. What is an irreversible stage of leprosy a. Leptromatous leprosy b. Borderline leprosy c. Intermediate leprosy d. Tuberculoid leprosy e. B and C 25. Which of the following is not a clinical manifestation of Tuberculosis a. Cough up mucous, phlegm or blood b. Fever and night sweats c. Development of large lesions with loss of sensation d. Loss of appetite and weight loss
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