Chapter 14.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 14:  In the old testament, job was depicted as covered with black spots  In both the old and in the New Testament, leprosy has contributed fear of the sores as well as the notion that is blemished is unclean and is also displeasing to God because it is defiled (dishonoured).  Christ’s curing the lepers became a metaphor for divine salvation  Leprosy is a disease of the soul and one that was highly contagious A Look Back:  Leprosy arose in the Far East about 1400BC (proof of leprosy in the Hindu writings of Veda and descriptions in Chinese literature)  The earliest t account for leprosy occurred and was written in the Indian text between 600 and 400 BC  Nei Chang, a textbook of medicine described a disease where the patient had stiff joints, the facial hair would hall off and flesh becomes more nodular and the nose changes color and rots. This book was written between 250 and 230BC  Leprosy was claimed to be brought from India to Greece in the fourth century BC by solders of Alexander the Great.  Another possibility was that it could have come from the far east to the west along the trade routes arriving n the Mediterranean around the time of Christ  Best description of leprosy in Europe comes from Aractus in AD150  Leprosy spread further west in graveyards of Britain and France (dating back to AD 500 to 700)  Emperor Constantine suffered from leprosy and the priest believed that bathing in the blood of sacrificed children would cure him, but it did not.  Hebrew word saraath is used to describe many skin conditions (scaly)  St. Jerome latinized lepros into lepra and John Wycliff translated lepra as leprosy  Leprosy was considered to be the disease of the soul  The disease associated with sinful and suspicious acts and the burning and desire for lustful sex  The disease was known as satyriasis, an insatiable sexual appetite  Leprosy became accepted as the punishment for sins of the flesh  Disfigurement of face and hands contribute to alienation of leper and the sores of the body led to believe that leprosy was contagious  Lepers were outcast in society. In 1179 the Third Latern Council segregated the lepers from the society.  During the time period of Hennery II and Phillip V France, the lepers were burned alive  Lazar Houses, were almshouses or refuges for the lepers  The pandemic of leprosy reached epidemic in 12 century and peaked in Europe in the 13 and 14 century  William H. McNeill suggested that leprosy might have been treated with the rising incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis which provided greater resistance to leprosy-not enough evidence.  It was protected that the increase of textiles for clothing broke the chain for skin to skin content and reduced the spread of the disease.  In 1048 Knights (Christian) formed their own spiritual order, the order of Lazarus.  The return of the knights to Europe was also a contributing factor to the spread of leprosy  Leprosy spread from Spain and Africa to Americas in 16 and 17 century  In 1860s there was a rediscovery of this disease and it reached epidemic proportions on the Hawaiian islands  Officials rounded up lepers and loaded them onto ships for a settlement at kawlawoa.  Leprosy was a very contagious disease and the Hawaiians were characterized as lacking in soci
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