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HLTA01H3- PLagues of Antiquity and TB

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

HLTA01H3 – PLAUGES&PEOPLE 9/18/2012 7:16:00 AM Plagues Of Antiquity - 5000 bc to 700 AD - characterized by parasites with long lived transmission  i.e egg to larva to worm Pharaohs Plagues - 1900 BC - found in the Nile Valley of Egypt – Agriculture and irrigation - snail fever/Blood Fluke disease/endemic hematuria/schistosmias - transmission stages are miroscoptic - enter the skin and clog\ the blood cells - first impacted the population around the Nile valley of Egypt - 1799-1801 europeans invade Egypt - currently 1 million annual deaths world wide Plagues of Athens - planting vines and olive trees – making wine and oil was very common - building ships and trade - by the end of the dark ages Athens and Sparta emerged  431 BC war emerged between two cities (lasted 27 years)  sparta had more numbers  Athenians were defeated (1/4 people died) - allegedly started in euthiopa moved to Egypt ship athenns - PLAUGE is STILL UNKNOWN Roman Fever - empire established in 27BC - malaria became prevelant  the roman marshes were known for not a place to enter - thought ofa result of ‘bad air’ - every 5-8 years have low immunity and become more susceptible to it - reduced life expectancy Antonine Plague - a lot of people showed similar symptoms: high fever, inflmation dirrega - identity of plague is not known, first record of small pox - killed more than 2000 people a day Cyparian Plauge - 250 AD - orginated in ethopiamoved into Egyptromannorthafrica, lasted 16 - could have been measles or small pox Justunian Plague - first pandemic of the Bubonic Plague - arrived in 541 consistine - north Africa, middle east - one million people died in 5 years - by 600 AD the mortality reached 100 million in western Europe Bubonic Plague/Black Death/Plague of Florence st 1 pandemic – Justinian 2nd pandemic – 1346-1352 Black Death rd 3 pandemic 1860s in the Yunnan region of China Impacts Of Plague - quarantine - built of pest houses- speacil hospitals were the inflicted were isolated - quick burials – burning clothing and belongings with hopes that the disease wouldn’t spread (quick treatment) - studies of human anatomy o what is is that cuases disease? o Theory of contagion - griolamo Fracstoro - raising sheeps instead of crops because it was easier - bubonic plague ruined a lot of crops - bigger ships smaller crews - new diversified economy - local univirsites  curricular reform Causes of Bubonic Plague - Y.PESTIES (Main Cause Of Bubonic Plague) - plagued linked to rats (1898) - infected rodent flea - human  bite of a flea that previously fed on an infected rodent  bacteria spreads to LYMPH NODES which SWELL (Called Bubo) Symptoms  high fever, delirious, hemrigies , chils, general ill feeling, muscle pain, severe headache, seizures  Bubo occurs  2-5 days after exposure of the bacteria can turn into SEPTEMTIC PLAGUE  without the devolpment of buboes  moved its way to the blood and blood infection occurs  symptoms: blood clotting, committing, low blood pressure, orgain failre PNUEMONIC PLAGUE –  bacteria moves through bloodstream to the lunges- rapid fatal form of the disease  Only form with human to human transmission  Symptoms: severe cough, dificulity breathing: death occurs within 24 hours  Moratlity rate 90-95% Black Death - 75 million people dying from this plague (20 million died in Europe alone) - when the plague reached europe it struck the port cities both sea and land - death depends on the environment chinese immigratin to austarlia (brought diseases with them HLTA01H3 – TUBERCOLOSIS 9/18/2012 7:16:00 AM History - TB present since antiquity - Egyptian mummies 2400 - Phithsis or consumption- HOMER 800BC - 460 BC disease due to evil air but not contagious - ARISTOTLE 384 believed due to bad and heavy breath - documented in aincet Egypt india china as early as 5000 3300 2300 r - typical skeletal abornomalites o tuberculosis in the spine was common aincently - TB was limited to animals (8000-4000 bC) - spread to middle east china due to milk eating travels - TB EPIDEMICS were LIKELY because of the change of host population and environment  not believed to have come from foreign pathagons - 500-1500 AD with the devolpment of the feudal system there was a lot of claims that there was royal supernatural powers that can heal one of TB (essp of the LYMPHS) o in England it was known of the KINGS evil or ROYAL TOUCHING where the royal touched them in the hopes of getting them cured o there was no signs, so it appeard as if they were cured of TB o QUEEN ANN was one of the last royal for the touching 1546 Fracastorius – Modern Theory of Contagion - belief that phthisis was caused by invisible germs in the lungs 1629 Consumption – Leading Cause of Death in London - 20% of death was related to consumption 1679 Francisus D SYLVIUS: Long Nodules – TUBERCLES - people who have tuberclis has nodules on their lungs and realted it to the etiology of the disease 1720 Benjamin Marten TB - seen as commncable and a contagain th - 19 century - spread through Europe and north America 1839 „Tuberculosis‟ was first used - came from the use of the tuberculs that describes the nodules 19 thCentury - it was reconginzed but not understood - not a lot of knowledge was known about it - extreme thinness, long necks and hands ‘roman
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