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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 In-class Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Lecture 2 - Plagues of Antiquity & Bubonic plague Introduction - During hunter-gatherer society - predominant diseases were those with high transmission rates, macro parasitic diseases (didnt require vectors for transmission), and STDs - With move to agriculture - conditions favoured the emergence of epidemic diseases - Emergence of cities - urban life; Uruk in Mesopotamia (3500 BC) Plagues ofAntiquity - 5000BC to 700AD - Characterized by parasites with long lived transmission stages (e.g. eggs, larva,...) - Person to person contact The Pharaohs Plague - Evidence that it dates back to 1900 BC - Thought to rst have appeared in the Nile Valley of Egypt - Agriculture, the inundation of the Nile, eventually irrigation created favourable conditions that promoted the spread of the disease - Disease now known as snail fever or blood uke diseaseendemic hematuriaschistosomiasis - European invasion of Egypt (1799-1801) resulted in the rst European experience with the disease The Plague ofAthens - 430 BC, epidemic started in Ethiopia, moved into Egypt, and was brought by ship toAthens - The plague
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