Class Notes (809,631)
Canada (493,758)
Health Studies (1,162)
HLTB21H3 (204)

HLTA01 Leprosy note.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Sandy Romain

HLTA01 Leprosy note 12/02/2013 9:28:00 AM Bacteria: Mycobacterium leprae AKA: Hansen’s disease History  Discovered by: Norewegian microbiologist Dr. Gerhard Armauer Hansen in 1873 o True leprosy is a chronic debilitating and disfiguring infection  Written Historical Accounts: o 1550 BC Egyptian papyrus o 1200 BC Atharvaveda –identify the germ responsible for it  identify a plant that could treat leprosy o 326 BC Greece records the return of Alexander the Great from India/Pakistan  brought back leprosy with his troops  cause of Alexander’s death- malaria o Hippocratic texts provide no evidence that true leprosy existed in ancient Greece, but the word lepra is the origin of the name of the disease  Archeological evidence: 2000BC o In India- found male, in late 30s found to have leprosy  Bone is remodelled  nasal spine was missing  Found infection on the forehead  Miss all but one tooth  The first archaeological evidence for leprosy  Initial causes of leprosy o Recorded in Old Testament of Leviticus  Curse from God  Hereditary  Miasmatic  Infectious  Mystical o In High Middle Ages (AD 1100-1300)  Consider dead to society  Cast to leprosaria or isolation hospital Forms of Stigmatization  Loss of social/civic status and rights o Left unable to remarry  Special clothes o Clothes have to be ripe or torn. Not allow to take care of themselves o Wear different colour  Carry and ring a bell o Ring bell to warn people thy are going  Separate hospitals  Often had to live in colonies o Lazaretto/Lazar House where people with leprosy were cast out to without return o Leprosarium/Leper Colony  Mass Separation o In Kalaupapa Molokai – there are a fin area that was separated by cliff and mountain  First documented case in Hawaii in 1848  1866 first leprosy patients sent to Molokai  People would throw the patient and supplies overboard and they must swim back to the island with the supplies o Saint Damien de Veuster  Father Damien arrived in 1873, aged 33  Tries to humanize the treatment of the disease but caught it  Catholic missionary priest from Belgium  Died in 1889 of leprosy  Live in the leprosy colonies o In Canada: D’arcy Island  1894 to 1924  First case among Chinese railway laborers  D Arcy island Leper Colony  Everyone who went was consider curse  Reserved for Chinese railway  Supply ship every 3 months  food, clothing, opium & coffins  it is an insanity condition and inhumane  - It is close in 1987 The Leper in Medieval Islamic society  exist in the middle ages  first important figure in Arab: Jadhimah al-Abrash or al-Waddah, king of al-Hirah  second important figure: poet: al-Harith ibn Hillizah al-Yashkuri  terminology for Leprosy: judham o meant to mutilate or to cut off  leprosy was view as punishment from god  passage from at-Tabari: al-Walid to segregate lepers o he built the first maristan or hospital in 88/707  Christian established xenodochia-house for the unwanted  Al-Jahiz is the muslim book for diseases and physical infirmities o Mention leprosy twice  Political Figure contacted the disease: Abd al-Aziz the king (lion- sickness)  Cure? In hot spring. E.g Baths of Elijah- to be cleanse  Muslim hospital was hawsh al-qa atilah or enclosure for the diseased, commonly understood to be syphilis and leprosy  Leprosy was common in the coutry side from medieval to moderm times  Qur an does not incriminate the diseased: the blind, lame, sick, and it is permissible for all men to gather and eat together o Separated but not stigmatized  Medieval Europe- leper are bad-temperered and oversexed  Medieval islam- the disease of the soul- entailed both a civil and religious death Epidemiology  Mycobacterium tuberculosis
More Less

Related notes for HLTB21H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.