Class Notes (806,815)
Canada (492,451)
Health Studies (1,161)
HLTC02H3 (47)


8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Toba Bryant

2012-01-31 HLTC02H3 S Lecture 4(3): Gender Analysis and Gender-based Analysis • Gender Mainstreaming o Gender-based analysis (GBA)- Canada  Integration of women’s health issues in health policy and healthcare issues o Federal Plan for Gender Equality (1995)  All public policy areas  Women’s health strategy- 1999  Statements by UN and WHO, international forums etc. • New thrust in gov’t and policy decision making to pay more attn. to gender o All levels of gov’t wanted to integrate gender in health issues but also led to the essentialization of gender and other qualities such as race, class, culture o No political commitment to put resources into gender analysis; political vacuum and little accountability o Non-feminist perspective in social political and economic institutions  The need for community engagement in gender equality o The paternalistic beliefs that women are inferior and subordinate to men and women are invisible and their work not important o Concern about having just gender based analysis and other issues would not be analyzed s/a race and class • Continuing conflation of sex and gender; sex is biological and gender is a social construct • Gender equality o Fairness, justice  Same employment opportunities as men regardless of race  Not focused on other dimensions of inequality o Focus on substantive equality: accommodate differences and eliminating oppression, subordination and material inequalities o Provincial and federal levels of government tried to implement gender analysis w/o properly understanding gender equality o Understanding gender in health; most research was done on white affluent (middle- class) men and did not focus on women o Essentialization of gender • Gender-based analysis o Evidence-based  Quantitative  Scientific  Emphasis on objectivity and not on about how women saw the world o Aim: unbiased programs and policies  The need to look at the broader social contexts  Tendency to homogenize women groups; reluctance among governments to address gender • Limitations of GBA o Assess efficacy of gender mainstreaming/gender-based analysis o Political resistance to devising appropriate criteria for assessing GBA o Lack of systematic application of GBA in health policies and programs  Depoliticizing gender and worsened inequalities on gender • Conceptual limitations of GBA o Conflation of sex and gender:  Social, political and economic forces structure health outcomes for men and women  Simplifies relationship between gender and health  Lacks understanding of gender as a determinant of women’s and men’s health  Essentializes gender  80s and 90s: focus on white women and also those in the middle- class and excluded outgroups  Basic unwillingness to deal w/issues of inequalities • Forms of systemic racism and social disadvantages • Feminism o Gender inequalities- result of patriarchy o Patriarchy= system of patriarchy or male dominated nature of past and present societies o Analytically signifies autonomous system of relation b/w men and women similar to economic system of production s/a capitalism  Women’s and men’s lives are effectively gendered and structure outcomes differently  Patriarchy underlies capitalism o Social structures, ideology and women’s daily experiences are understood as fundamentally gendered--- i.e. gender structures women’s opportunities and their life experiences o Tendency to see women financially dependent on men rather than be financially independent from men  Women were often rejected for jobs or careers b/c of their roles in the family • Diversity/Gender Analysis o Why do gender analysis  Make explicit the differences and how they structure opportunities and also social advantages/disadvantages  Focus on the social determinants of health • Diversity/gender analysis o Gender affects and is influenced by conditions, practices, and relations, power, and interacts w/other social locations s/a social class, race, disability, sexual orientation etc.  Interaction b/w gender, race, sexual orientation, ability in public policy analysis, practices and conditions in society o Broader social, political and economic contexts  Eg. Low-income households and the regulation of housing and rent; area where the gov’t has a role to play o Examine inequalities from many diverse locations to make explicit how they shape health and exposures to risk  Specifically cumulative health effects and how they affect health outcomes o Convergence of multiple dimensions of disadvantage and different forms of oppression to understand how they interact and intensify issues of difference and marginalization  In Canada, allowing the market to takeover in different areas of policy has caused the rise of inequalities specifically economic and income inequalities • Transformation in the labour market; service jobs available majorly and short-term o Precarious employment  Organization for Economic Cooperation
More Less

Related notes for HLTC02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.