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HLTC02 Lec 10 Big Pharma and Women.docx

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Health Studies
Toba Bryant

th26 March 2012 Lec 10 Big Pharma and Women Week 11 Chapter 12 13 Profile of Pharmaceutical Industry in CanadaProhibition movements Late 19201970 Movement to stop having alcoholDry neighbourhoodno liquor stores in Western TorontoDrugs lots of money spent on them Delayed the entry of generic drugs which are often cheaper and even more effective than the branded onesBy 1996 profits for drug sector increased shotupThe pharmaceutical industryProfitable and powerful economic sectorTotal spending on Hospitals vs Drugs vs Doctors and the value of new active substances drugs with molecules that have never been marketed beforeHospital spending is the highest thoughBenefits and disadvantages of Drugs Older drugs are much betterthe newer ones do not significantly contribute Benefits of DrugsDrugs contribute to a decline in mortality especially effective for infectious diseases but not all the cures are attributable to drugs Role of pharmaceuticals was important esp in HIVAIDS Most notorious in HIVAIDS By 1997 people were able to live longer because of drugs BUT in poor countriescontinents like Africa Haiti and India people still do not have access to drugs for treatmentDisadvantages of Drugs Drugs help people to live longer but do not mean that they wont die There are very small percentages of drugs that contribute Example In France from 19812003ARVs Antiretroviral are the most significant But industries always look for new markets to make money Most new drugs have no significant therapeutic advantage Only the ones that were beneficial were the antiretroviral Probably most spent on promotion than natural research and testing of drugs In Canada roughly only 5 billion is spent on drugs and 75billion is spent on the promotion of drugs Often people have adverse reactions from some drugs Example approx 1020 will be hospitalised due to serious reactions 50 yrs 15 of patients will have an ADR 5all admission to medical wards and 12 will die from reactionsFrom the mid1990s up until ARVs were discoveredmortalities were very high at least in rich countries1
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