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Lecture 10

HLTC05 Lecture 10.docx

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Health Studies
R Song

HLTC05 Lecture 10  Children the most vulnerable group  Inequalities reflect structural violence – gender, class, racial  Inequalities can either be lessened or intensified for children  Universal health care – lessens inequalities  No social services , widespread poverty – intensifies  Child poverty is a huge concern globally, concern even in the wealthiest nations – US has 10% more than Canada  Canada – group of wealthy people, we aren’t in the top 10  Neonatal deaths account for 40% of deaths globally under 5(2008)  We have all the knowledge to deal with healthy child birth and neonatal care…they persist because there is poverty that restricts access to proper health care or creates dangerous environments  Child poverty is a reflection of mothers who live in poverty o Single mother households – majority of kids go with mothers, maternal income, poverty levels of women  children reflect this position SES wise  Growth and Development o Periods of g and d most significant is INFANCY – somatic cell growth, period of brain development (upto 7 years of age)…infants require nutrition and protection from disease o Adolescence – another imp period when body is going through puberty – signif changes in size reproductive sys, growth spurt o Weight/stature/height o Stature as a measure of growth and dev – between pops we can see differences in that pattern – reflection of relative SES (income, education, poverty levels) o Late growth spurt effects development – not able to reach average stature o Dental development – growth of teeth/eruption, nutritional deficiency +disease is visible in teeth for infants – ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA (area of insufficient enamel because of stress event in childs life) o Milestones – social and emotional dev, lang and comm., cognition o Brain Growth – newborn uses almost 90% of energy for brain growth , by 5  44% o Strong connection between SES and child cognitive ability and achievement o Brown and Pollitt- tested early assumptions in Guatamalan study
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