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Lecture

HLTC05.Nov13.SS.doc

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTC05H3
Professor
R Song
Semester
Fall

Description
2012-11-13 HLTC05H3 F Lecture 9: Gendered Health Disparity Chapter 9: Reproduction and Equality Chapter 12 from the textbook Lecture: • How gender is an important determinant of health o Significant determinant of health because of the social construction and roles put on the female sex o Provides an understanding of relevant health outcomes and disparities based on gender • Biological differences (look @ slide 2) • How the social aspect (the roles) placed on males and females affects morbidity of disease and also health outcomes o Congenital cardiovascular disease afflicts women more than men o Recognizing that males and females have differences in their disease and outcomes o Eg. women mount a stronger inflammatory response than men following infection by the flu o Overrepresentation and how social conditions play a role in contraction or development of certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS o In males, there is a linear link between SES and health outcomes however this is not seen in females and is a much more complex relationship for women and health  Gender is a dynamic aspect of change and health o Patriarchy= gender stratification between males and females where men are dominant and women are subordinate and having less power  Many health outcomes and diseases can be linked back to power and having less power and rights  Patrilineal= property and title are inherited by males only  Versus matrilineal • Integrates itself in all aspects of life (economic, social, political) o Gender paradox= women live longer than men; the public perception that women are healthier which in reality is not the case because health throughout the life course in quality is poor even though they live longer lives  Men live less because of the risk-taking behaviours throughout their life course which reduces the quantity of life  Cultural factors in female health (look @ slide 6) • Loss of power and less access to resources o Reproduction and inequality  Women’s health particularly reproduction is being regulated by the state • Occurred due to the creation of social stratified societies and state guidelines on women’s bodies  How childbirth is becoming increasingly medicalized and femalehood is being controlled and regulated • How women’s autonomy has eroded over time with the advent of biomedical thinking and medicalization o Double burden of unpaid domestic and labour market responsibilities (double shift)  Women have children and therefore they have to take care of them and also other family that may either be elderly or infirm  Also responsible for bringing in some sort of income • Has an impact on greater risk for stress related diseases and also leading to a longer life but one that is in poor quality • As women are considered the more appropriate caregiver they often forego their own health o Feminization of poverty: social conditions that cause females to be more impoverished than males  Issue of economic disadvantage  More women than men living at the standard of income ( poverty as defined the government in Canada)  Rate of poverty that is increasing in core nations and worsening in developing nations • This is also similarly found in children  Difference that can also be tied to race/ethnicity as seen in the United States (the graph does not reflect innate biological differences but rather social entrenchment of conditions into the body; slide ) • How e
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