Class Notes (835,117)
Canada (508,937)
Health Studies (1,186)
HLTC05H3 (59)
R Song (38)
Lecture

HLTC05.Nov20.SS.doc

7 Pages
85 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTC05H3
Professor
R Song
Semester
Fall

Description
2012-11-20 HLTC05H3 F Lecture 10: Inequality and Childhood • How inequality affects children? • Children are the most useful indicator of social inequality and disease in a society in terms of when measuring social determinants of health o Most sensitive to change and inequality and require protection and nurturance from adults in their lives o Improving the lives of a future generation • Inequalities in childhood reflect broadly of class, race, and gender divisions that are entrenched in societies; various forms of structural violence o Inequalities can be lessened or intensified among children (i.e. the presence or lack of social services and good or poor resource allocation) • Child poverty o Canada’s world standing in child poverty is 13.3% and is not in the top 10 countries with lessened rates of child poverty o Global rates of poverty affect childhood health especially for children under the age of 5 with a majority of them being neonatal death  Diarrhoeal diseases and malnutrition and coinfection is syndemic  Diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition of children and infants has a lot to do with maternal health  Increased susceptibility to syndemics because of environments that are conducive to infectious diseases  Higher rates of morbidity and mortality in developing and third world countries o Maternal health and income and looking at the poverty levels of women is a reflection of child poverty due to SES in women • Childhood requirements (look @ slide 7) o All aspects of the environment  Nutrition  Protection (etc.) • Requirements that go beyond the family and enter into the community o Child growth and development  Infancy= period of brain development (which may go to 7 years of age due to brain development) • Nutritional support • Protection from disease • Aspects of SES in infancy  Adolescence= period of puberty and bodily changes as well as brain growth • aspects of SES in adolescence  Height and stature (SES and class) as measures of growth and development • Stature as a measure of growth and development= between populations there are differences in that measure o Differences found in the archaeological record; groups include:  Rural india  Ladino= increased growth and development in height based on stature more than other groups; reflection of inequalities in other groups  African  Maya o How plastic the human body is human social factors.  Looking at the dental development and eruption  To look at defiency or delay in growth and eruption of teeth • Development of enamel hypoplasia which is an indicator of insufficient enamel at some point throughout the development period o Development Milestones (look @ slide 10) • Human brain growth and Function o Look @ slide 11= the importance of brain growth in infancy and genetic and environmental insults may inhibit or slow the development, growth and function of the brain • SES and intellectual development is heavily affected by the social environment of children o Malnutrition and Intellectual Development  Brown and Pollitt 1996  Earlier and current assumptions  Micronutrients= quality versus quantity  The supplementation played a much more significant role than without the supplementation • Proof that protein supplementation as an intervention played a significant role in mitigating the issue of child poverty • However it is important to address ultimate factors of child poverty • Poverty, Child Health and Behaviour o Psychosocial environment that affects children  Can be looked at a more micro-level in home environments  Overall family health (i.e. parent suffering from depression or chronic illness) • Parental or family neglect and the affect it has on the brain and development of behaviour  Children are much more affected by lack of play spaces, exposure to environmental pollutants and physical violence in the neighbourhoods  The issue of school and whether the c
More Less

Related notes for HLTC05H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit