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HLTC05 Tuesday September 18 2012.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
R Song

HLTC05 Tuesday September 18 2012 Important contributions: Medical anthro has had a critical role in recent years, historically anthro focus on non Western cultures, this can help with illnesses in other countries because they don’t reflect the same model as Western. Allows us to focus on individual as well not just group, we are active in the choices we make: defining treating an coping with disease Illness and disease is CULTURALLY DEFINED, not purly objective (blood count etc) but we recognize that it can be subjectively measured in how a culture measures illness. Response methods in cultures are changing. In biomedical we say you have this then take this medicine. Changes in physical or social enviro changes. Theses stresses can increase susceptibility to pathogens and change. Historical contingency: all these things in your past can play a role in the now: ie) nutrition, suceptability, etc With med. Anthro we are interested in who is included AND excluded (behind the scenes) WHY are they excluded from the analysis, not just the majority that are notices. Recognizes that health is direct and indirect result of social influences around you (culture). Biology in cullutre. Political economics of health, how does in play a role? How health services are allocated different based on wealth, how policy impact delivery of health services. A critical approach allows use to uncove hidden causes of poor. We usually only look at the biological reason: you got bit therefore you get malaria. BUT why was that insect there, or why was is infectious (water quality in area) etc Macro and micro levels are analysized y M.A aswell Singer(reading): social justice! System challenging praxis: this is the goal of CMA should be to effect meaningful social change in their analysis. For example a sustaining project to help the community or allocating fund to programs. Try to expose the relationship between social inequality and living and working conditions. Growing inequalities. Social inequality: we usually say we are not in a class system with much inequality. We attribute this characteristic to ancient Egypt social stratification or Indian caste system: Pharoh, nobles, farmers, slaves. We thin its just rigid constructs, extreme examples. But we still have: income inequality, political p
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