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HLTC23H3 (86)
R Song (30)
Lecture 8


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Health Studies
R Song

HLTB02H3 LECTURE 8  Scheper-Hughes—poor Brazilian mothers nurture only kids more likely to survive o Weaker get neglected and “mother love” not universal  Synergism of nutrition+morbidity  Familial neglect (in rxn to high infant mortality)  Intergenerational Influences Hypothesis o Low birth weight in infants, recurs in different generations  SES and the gradient effect o Effects consistent by very young age o Developmental priming mechanisms for healthy child development  Encouragement for exploration  Richéresponsive language environment  Protection from inappropriate disapproval, teasing, or punishment  Etc.  Three different processes in which ECD and socioeconomic and psychsocial environment of childhood are linked to adult health status o Latent effects (early life environmenteffect on independent of intervening experience  Low birth weight  cardiovascular disease o Pathway effects (early life sets people onto life trajectories that in turn affect health status  Stimulation, stability and security in early childhood affect a child’s cognitive readiness for schooling in terms of both quantitave skills and receptive language  Aggressive behaviour peaks at 2 years of age, not adolescence a predictor (life at two = life later on)  Failure in school low mental levels in adulthood  Parents and community, early school years, life chanced through opportunities that present themselves o Cumulative effects (intensity and duration of exposure to unfavorable environments adversely affect health status)  Fetal development + infant growth and development + stresses in all life => can become poor adult health  Cumulative social class Scottish men, social class at birth, social class when entering labour market and later social class  Altogether, the social class along life predicted mortality (Hertzman 1999)  Biological Embedding—to explain how systematic differences in the quality of early environments, including stimulation, emotional and physical support, will affect the sculting and neurochemistry of the central nervous sustem in ways that will adversely affect cognitive, social, and behavioural development o CNS interprets env
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