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Lecture 7

HLTB02 - Lecture 7.docx

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Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

10/31/2012 HLTB02 Issues in Child Health and Development Lecture 7: Socio-Emotional Development - Maturation of self-regulation o Self-regulation is a concept that is not mature in birth o Growing increases the capacity for self-regulation o Infants are built with an undeveloped ability to self-regulation o Transition from external regulation to self-regulation o Goal is to obtain healthy self-regulation that enables them to tolerate situations of stress o Children’s capacity to learn series of stressors will pass o Parental caregivers responsiveness increases the capacity of self-regulation for the child  Mediate impulse and the action o Learning to tolerate anxiety leads to less reactive and impulsive children - What are the benefits of self-regulation? o Benefits include:  Less reactivity  Less impulsiveness  Less hypersensitivity to transitions  Less hyperactivity  Attentiveness - Does self-regulation occur in all children alike? o Not all children have the same experiences or have the same biological profiles o Factors that affect poor self-regulation?  Genetics  Developmental insults  Social environment - Emotion Regulation 1 10/31/2012 o Term has psychological origins o In terms of the course, we will not make a distinction between: emotional regulation, emotion control, affect regulation, and emotion management o Emotional regulation is a construct, not a scientific concept  Hard to measure and validate o People want to know why emotions regulate other psychological processes and how they do it  Want to understand how emotions regulate other psychological processes o Individual differences in emotional regulation  Children to react differently to emotion  Emotional regulation is different across children o Unique perspective to account for how and why emotions organize or facilitate/debilitate other psychological processes o Cole et al. (2004)  Emotions: appraisal-action readiness stances, a fluid and complex progression of orienting toward the ongoing stream of experience • Process upon appraising and acting on the appraisal • Dynamic and fluid process • Diffused by experiences  Emotion regulation: systematic changes associated with activated emotions o Areas of research  Infant temperament • Individual differences in infants that reflect biological bias towards the expression of emotion • In infancy, there is regulation of temperament  Mother-child interaction • Emphasis on role by which social interactions regulate and are regulated by emotions • Evidence that the quality of emotion regulation in infancy via mother-child interaction predicts toddler’s self-control 2 10/31/2012 o Depends on the responsiveness and quality of interactions  Early childhood emotional self-regulation • Self-initiated attempts to regulate their own emotions • Advances in cognition is related to emotional self-regulation o Broader range of abilities • 2 to 4 year of life – new and more complex use of objects and interactions to regulate emotional state • Enables the ability to reallocate attention in moments of stress - Self-regulation within socioeconomic contexts o Raver (2004)  Asked three crucial questions: • Can we use the same measures that we used with average kids? • Evidence – effects of early environments on the development of self-regulation? • Can studying underprivileged kids tell us something new about development in normal contexts? o Understanding the roles of income, risk, and culture  Infants and young children in poverty are exposed to more ecological stressors  Poverty can lead to residential instability  Higher levels of neighborhood and family violence • Impacts how they will regulate emotions  Greater psychological issues (for parents and the children) o The importance of measurement:  Measurement equivalence • Should we be measuring the same concept across all children • Given differences, are set assessments able to offer an understanding of a latent construct such as emotion self-regulation similarly? • Example of problems with measurement equival
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