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Lecture 6

Lecture 6

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Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

thLec 6 February 28 Evaluating early development programs What is a systematic review A systematic review is a careful analysis of already published data usually from peerreviewed journal papers It is a means of generating useful knowledge drawing on what has already been published Used to identify effectiveness of treatments across many trials Used to identify gaps in knowledgeUsed to inform and shape policy at the government levelQuality control In a systematic review quality control is important Exhaustive search of databases Criteria for including research articles is stringent Makes sure that the best science gets evaluated The procedure is comprehensive and time consuming Also one can average effect sizes measures of effectiveness of treatments and give an overall number of effectivenessLOOK AT SLIDE 7 lec 7 slides Ex There is a special clearinghouse for many systematic reviews called The Cochrane Review httpwwwcochraneorgreviewsOther types of review s called realist reviews can go beyond published science to interview people and survey other forms of data newspaper articles etc Systematic review of early intervention Child Poverty is a major issue in North America There are clear ethnic differences only 57 of African american children could recognize letters by entry to kindergarten as opposed to 75 white kids There are clear differences in School Readiness on the basis of SES and ethnicity School readinessreadiness to learn School readiness is measured in kindergarten In Ontario the Early Development Instrument EDI is used It is a big predictor of achievement in school and in later life It is comprehensive measuring 5 d
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