HLT B17 WEEK 10 notes.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

HLT B17 WEEK 10 Mind-Body = separation of the mind and the body, studying the body as a object that is separate from the context of people’s lives Reductionism = breaking stuff down to look for one cause, looking at all the parts in isolation of each other Etiology = there is one specific cause of a disease, looking for symptoms rather than looking at multiple causal factors Machine = dominant metaphor, malfunctioning of the body and using more and more machines to diagnose, detect, x-ray malfunctions of body Regimen control = we are all responsible for our bodies and need to take care of them Fallacy = most diseases have multiple causes, you can’t just find one main cause Objectification = disease is only seen in physical terms, it becomes the only way that is deemed appropriate to look at illness. But we know that ill health can be unobserved. Example: mental health issues are not always observed. Medical scientism = doctors are all knowing, they have all the answers, we don’t question them Reductionist = reduces diseases to the cellular level by ignoring the broader social factors that influence someone’s health. Victim blaming = tendency to blame people for their ill health and whatever health condition they have. The cause and solution is located within the individual. Tied to healthism and the healthy lifestyle choices. Rather than their job/stress level/early life education. Digital divide  some people think it’s good because people can go into the doctor’s office with more confidence  others say people don’t have the same level of understanding of health literacy BE ABLE TO STATE DIFFERENCES b/w healthy and unhealthy neighbourhood (slide 17) Health & illness experience/behavior – slide 18 Exploring the meaning behind lived experiences, micro-analysis of what it feels like to be ill, exploration of lived experiences of someone going through an illness, battling a chronic disease, videos exemplify the effects on the family members. Salutogenic model of health  Focuses on the causes of health, why are healthy people healthy?  focuses on healthy people  Looks at the coping strategies that ward off disease  Contextualizing people’s health with SDOH  Key health producing trait = sense of coherence – feeling of confidence – that internal/external environments are predictable ILES ARTICLE – true or false? Authors show that participants in that study classified themselves as diseased but considered themselves healthy to fulfill their social roles. Working at an assembly line is an example of having high intellectual wellness. FALSE 1. What is an outlier? Why is it important? What is the 10,000 hour rule about? 2. It was the health education era. Doctor-patient interaction. Where and how to access health services. 3. People will take health related action if certain things fall into place. One of those things are perceived severity. Is what they’re doing severe enough to change paths? Perceived benefits. Motivation. 4. Ignores the broader SDOH and social/economic status. Makes it seem that health is a rational mathematical process. Health is linked to a lot of interlocking things, some of which people have no control over. 1. Know the definition and why it’s impactful (slide 7)  It wasn’t just the absence of disease. It was more positive. They linked it to broader issues. More inclusive and holistic.  Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease… 2. Lalonde Report  First international document that stated that health depended on a variety of factors  4 key factors: environment, biology, access to care, lifestyle  KNOW differences between second and third hand smoking  Obesity slides = why are they problematic  Slide 18 don’t need to know armac conference Ottawa Charter: Know enable and mediate strategies Enable = equity, reducing differences in health outcome Mediate = having a coordinated action by everyone. Know these three: Strengthening community action – enhance self-help, social support Strengthening personal sk
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