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Lecture 3

IDSA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Eurocentrism, Invisible Hand, Modernization Theory

International Development Studies
Course Code
Leslie Chan

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IDS A01 Lecture Week 3: Notes
o When reading for IDS pay attention to: arguments, backgrounds to support the argument, intro
to the topic, prior research, research question, new ways of thinking, claims behind new
o The word ‘third world’ referred to a geopolitical term that refers to countries that weren’t
o Developing country: a poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advanced
economically and socially.
o Low income countries: As of 1 July 2015, low-income economies are defined as those with a
GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,045 or less in 2014
o Third world countries: The term Third World arose during the Cold War todefine
countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc. The United
States, Western European nations and their allies represented the First World, while the
Soviet Union, China, Cuba, and their allies represented the SecondWorld.
o Global south: The Global South is made up of Africa, Latin America, and developing Asia
including the Middle East.
o We are imposing these labels on countries whether or not it’s true, based on how we
conceptualize it.
o The world bank has created a benchmark saying you’re living in extreme poverty if you earn
less than $1.25/day
o We have a tendency not to question these problems and accept a solution that might not be
thought through.
o ‘Poverty as lack of freedom’
o ‘Poverty is being unable to access certain parameters’
o ‘Poverty is often associated with poor health’
o ‘Associate poverty with warfare and displacement’
o Trudeau’s general message at the UN general assembly was that the solution to poverty was to
distribute equality.
o With poverty, it often restricts you from certain opportunities.
o We are viewing poverty as a form of exclusion
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