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Lecture 9

IDSA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Schistosomiasis, The Who


Department
International Development Studies
Course Code
IDSA01H3
Professor
Leslie Chan
Lecture
9

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IDSA01 Lecture Week 9: Notes
o There are many default definitions of health that it is all we naturally believe it regarding to be.
What it is ofte thought as health is ot all that it is, theres uh ore to it eyod a egative
definition
o This ideal is deeply entrenched in Western civilizations (it is centered around a neo-liberal
ideology)
o Think about the context of everyday living, especially in low-income regions, communities,
families, and countries (poor housing, issues with sanitation, clean drinking water etc.)
o The idea that its your persoal resposiility to do the right ehaviours to aitai good
health often blames as person for being sick should that happen
o What kinds of choices do you have when living based on your financial status?
o After the WHO was introduced it provided a new definition to what health is, and acknowledges
the multidimensional elements to what health is beyond just your physical being
o The WHO definition is however still missing other dimensions of what health is such as spiritual
health, cultural health, communal health (relationships). This definition was still a big
improvement from the previous definition but is still missing elements we address today
o Health is also completely recognized on the same level around the world what different
people perceive as health? Example: schistosomiasis in a rural community where they view it as
a right of passage
o Difference in disparity - inequality (is not always negative)
o Unjust difference inequity (is not the same as inequality)
o Sex is your biological makeup, while gender is a social construct, and like the terms inequality
and inequity, they are often misused and interchanged between each other in literature when
they shouldt e
o In addition to inequity being bad for your health it is also a violation of your human rights per
the declaration of human rights
o The states have role, and responsibility under the doctrine of health to provide the basic human
rights to hold states to aout for the pulis health
o The doctrine does not apply to private key players / stakeholders (private foundations). This
approah applies to diretly the state ad esurig the right to health for its people
o The doctrine is a great framework and has great aspiration but it is often time always difficult to
hold states accountable for their doings
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