IDSA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: International Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law, Syrian Civil War

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Lecture 10
Persons of Concern for the UNHCR include:
oRefugee: persons outside the country of nationality/ former habitual residence; refugees have a
fear od persecution on the grounds of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular
social group, or political opinion and are unable or unwilling to avail him/herself of the
protection that country or to return there.
This is governed by the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and 1967
Protocol – exclusion clauses: crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity,
non-political crimes outside country of refuge prior to admission to that country, acts
contrary to the purposes and principles of the UN
oMigrant: any person who is moving across an international border or within a state away from
his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of their legal status, whether the movement is
voluntary or involuntary, what the causes for the movement are or what the length of the stay
is.
oInternally displaced persons (IDPs): people who have been forced to flee their homes as a result
of armed conflict, internal strife, systematic violations of human rights or natural or manmade
disasters and who are within the territory of their own country.
oAsylum Seeker: every person has the right to seek other countries asylum from persecution, but
states are not obligated by international law to accept asylum seekers – countries are not
required to admit foreigners to their territories, with the exception of refugees.
oReturnees
oStateless persons
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