IDSBO4 Lec 6
US has lower redistribution, so not all capita has the same income (compares income
per capita and life expectancy)
US spends most on healthcare but gets less bang for its buck
No real concrete correlation between income and life expectancy (2 graphs, one
where little income increase relates to a lot of life expectancy changes and
another one where more income = less life increase)
Box. 7-1
Fig 1-1
P. 312-13
Genetic conditions (outcomes socially mediated)
We cannot address nature without addressing nurture
Personal agency and decisions
Behaviours
Lifecourse trajectories
How your later health is influenced by your earlier health (early childhood
development impacts your health later on in life)
Like exposure to toxic chemicals, illnesses, malnutrition, etc
P. 313-322, Living conditions
water and sanitation
more access to pipe water = lower infant mortality rate (less toxic heavy
metals or toxic chemicals)
Iraq has 80% pipe water but high infant mortality contaminated pipes due
to bombing and lack of upkeep
Sri Lanka has low pipe levels and extremely low imr water isnt going into
individual homes and plots but is delivered at a community level
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nutrition and food security/sovereignty
Costa Rica has modest income, lower imr, higher nutrition directed govt
policy to increase nutrition (maternal and infant care, food subsidies, etc)
Housing
P. 322-377, Social policies and government regulations
Income and poverty
Education
Work conditions
Environment
Violence
Marginality
Mexico has highest poverty rate of OECD nations at 27.7%, but US has
second highest with 21.9%; European nations have really less numbers like
Denmark at 2.4%
Euro nations have much active social redistribution policies, like housing
and nutrition and health care, etc
Canada is lower because of seniors benefits, but still has a high number
because of not so much help for children (high child poverty rate even
though its signed the UNs child care rights)
Poverty does not mean just low income, but also what you can afford
Canada has universal healthcare but some cannot afford medical care
because drugs are covered, but not everything is; also access to health
care may be limited for isolated populations
Clothing may be more expensive cause of cold weather
Food is cheaper (unhealthier) so more affordable
When a poor man eats a chicken, one of them is sick.
Only time a poor man can afford a chicken is when its sick so not good
and cheap
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Only time he can get chicken that isnt sick is when he is sick (like chicken
soup)
Fig. 7-2 (Education)
Education reflects high SES
Also, education provides employment and flexibility during times of low
employment
Low education = less adaptable skills so when unemployed, cannot
find another kind of job so leads to stress and thus alcoholism and such
Fig. 7-3 (CVD)
Similar to education graph
Work is also unhealthy because of dangerous jobs like construction, but also
more you work = less social reproduction time (less leisure)
US has one of the longest work years in the world, but also as grown over
time
Korea and Greece totally off the charts
Ratio of how much CEOs work compared to lower class workers
Canada = 20, US = 531
P. 324-5, Work Conditions
Work conditions affect health at four levels and may have long-lasting
effects: (4 points)
P. 325, Work and health
250M occupational injuries per year
1.6M occupationally-related deaths (including 350 000 from job-related
injuries)
Unemployment more deadly though (most economically marginalized of
society, especially due to low redistribution, and social stigmatization)
Only 10% developing country workers protected by occupational health
and safety laws
US has highest incarceration
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Document Summary

us has lower redistribution, so not all capita has the same income (compares income per capita and life expectancy) us spends most on healthcare but gets less bang for its buck. no real concrete correlation between income and life expectancy (2 graphs, one where little income increase relates to a lot of life expectancy changes and another one where more income = less life increase) we cannot address nature without addressing nurture. how your later health is influenced by your earlier health (early childhood development impacts your health later on in life) like exposure to toxic chemicals, illnesses, malnutrition, etc. more access to pipe water = lower infant mortality rate (less toxic heavy metals or toxic chemicals) i raq has 80% pipe water but high infant mortality contaminated pipes due to bombing and lack of upkeep.

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