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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 Notes

International Development Studies
Course Code
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

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IDSB04 Lec 7: Globalization, Trade, Work, and Health
Table 9-1: Key definitions relating to globalization, trade, and work
TNCs (Transnational corporations) can have special agreements with govts so
they dont have to follow human rights, etc laws
P.418: Key Questions
P. 418: Angles on health and globalization
Impact on health of neoliberal globalization
free trade and financial liberalization: privatization and deregulation
Debt crises and imposed conditionalities of IFIs to abandon welfare state
Environmental damage
Restructuring of labor processes
Creation of free trade zones
Occupational (work-related) health and disease
Health problems also understood of as manifestation of globalization
Spread of infectious disease
Spread of political, social, and cultural conditions that underpin health and
International health reshaped as global health
What are the differences between global and international health, and why it is
important to make the distinction
Globalization: did it all start at the UofT?
Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980); professor of English, Director of Centre for
Culture and Technology
Oracle of the Electronic Age
Best known book: the medium is the massage

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Coined the term global village—a world made smaller and more integrated by
mass communication; electronic media; cultural interconnectedness
P. 418: Globalization defined
Any system of transcontinental trade and travel
Integration of local/national economies into global market
Communications accelerated; transport, electric media
International flow of capital, labor, knowledge
Cultural importation/invasion/hegemony
P. 420-1: Neoliberal globalization
Promotion of free markets/ removal of trade barriers, resulting in:
Reduction of subsidies for the poor
Cost recovery/user fees for essential services
Privatization of public assets
Weakened role of govt
Growing dominance of western-based transnational capital
High military expenditures
Political order dominated by the logic of the market
Being able to obtain oil or protect assets; diamond industry war in Congo
(struggling for control over these profitable assets), protecting diamond assets
from international corporations
P.419: What old/ongoing and whats new in globalization?
Promotion of free trade 17th-18th c
Appalling factory conditions in 19th c
Communications/trans portation revolution in 19th c

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Transnationalism (colonialism)
cocacolisation (cultural and corporate)
Internationalization of finance (mostly speculative)
Rate of increase in social inequalities (rapid emiseration)
Use of video and photography has been really important in exposing good/bad sides
of globalization
P. 418-421: Understanding globalization
Not inherently good or bad
Depends on:
Who controls the flow of capital, labor, and knowledge around the
And who benefits from it
P. 426: Pathways (5 points)
Fig. 9-3: Pathways of neoliberal globalization and effects on health
P. 420-23: World Trade Organization: making the world safer for capitalism
Founded in 1995 as permanent suprabody to replace GATT
Administrators trade agreements and negotiations
Monitors and enforces trade policies
Resolves disputes internally; appeal panel decisions binding
Promotes laissez-faire free trade, open markets, global competition, and
non-discrimination (no discrimination of products coming in from a
country/import tariffs)
Eliminating import tariffs
Lowering subsidies
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