WEDNESDAY September 26, 2012
PLAYERS IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Midterm Saturday October 27 1-3pm
Format – 80% multiple choice questions
20% short answer question
o How development is suppose to be define.
o We looked at the short comings of the WB definition of
o GNP and GDP does not measure growth properly and human
o PROBLEM: How do we measure the outcome of development?
What do you value? Material good (GDP) or human
wellbeing (freedom of choice)?
o If your development tool box is only a hammer (GDP) then
everything you look at can look like a nail (confined and small)
The idea of progress
o Increasing faith in the power of science in understanding the
o Advanced people vs. timelessness
o Science tells us that society can go through states and rise from
developing to developed
o There are people that think that some people need to be lifted
up and need to be helped
William Easterly – ‘ideology of developmentalism’ (ARTICLE WE READ)
LECTURE #3 STARTS
Change in context
Countries that are receiving aid are developed countries
o Ex. China lending US
o European countries receiving more aid $ than developing
o Who is in charged and has a say to how states behave?
o How is the world coming to be governed?
Occupy Movement – a challenge to the whole new liberal system of
generating wealth with the consequence 99% owning the wealth and 1%
owning nothing and facing poverty The connection between unfettered capitalism and inequalities became
important to people –it was right in your face everyday
These new money are shifting the global dynamic – who gets to speak
and lead (ex. Apple, Microsoft, etc.)
China has a fast growing middle and high income
o They have been lending money to developed countries
o Unlike the World Bank that has tied their aid with governance
policies (ex. you have to run an election). China would say you
let us have the right (development corporation) to do this and
you can have the money
o Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa was once upon a time
developing countries. Now they are emerging fast growing
economies changing regional and global power
o Shift in geopolitical power – ex. Olympics and world cup is held
in Brazil in 2013
Who governs the world?
The UN general assembly just finished today
Obama was giving a speech today at the UN
UN – multilateral organization that was formed after WW2 to band
countries together to come to some understand on how to live together
peacefully and resolve our conflicts without going to war. Work together
collectively with small and big powers
o They created different bodies to look after different categorizes
like human health, women’s health, agriculture, WHO, etc.
o The UN was “originally” an institution is designed to handle
these multilateral global problems
o A lot of people questioned why do we still have the UN, if they
have no power?
In New York is still another important meeting going on
Clinton Global initiate
o Bill Clinton – a soft power, huge political importance and a huge
o States – the more power players in the past
o CSOs - Civil societies organizations
o There are many new players today
o Think tanks – research based institution who focuses on a
particular type of issue