Lecture 10: Chapter 10

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University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

L10 Chapter 10 Health and the Environment BOX 10.1 Definitions Natural environment J physical, chemical and biological factors and processes external to people, though potentially of their making Built environment J human-made settings, such as buildings, housing, sanitation and transportation system, whether part of large cityscapes, roadways or small settlements Social Environment J conditions within which people live and work, as shaped by cultural, historical, social, economic, and political relations and factors Ecology J study of the relationship and interacts between living organisms and their environment Ecosystem J system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms and their natural environment usually geographically defined Political Ecology J understanding of the relationship and tensions between the natural (environmental) and anthropogenic (human-led) change Table 10.2 The Impact of Environmental problems and Condition on health Table 10.3: Agents of Environmental Health Problems - Water contaminations, vector borne diseases, wastesewage - Air Contaminations - Physical Agents - Toxic Pesticides and Organic Chemicals, toxic metals, food agents Ecology thru the ages p472-3 - From hunter gathers (150,000 years ago) - To domestication of animals and plants (10 J 15000 years ago) - To human settlements and cities (5,000 years ago) - To extractive industries (900-1500) - To imperial exploitation (1600 onwards) - To the industrial revolution (19 century) - To era of mass production and consumption - Environmental problems have accumulated during less than 10% of human history Key Questions: Political Economy of Environmental Health: Determinants, Effects and Responses Figure 10.1 Political Economy of environmental health determinants, effects, and responses -o]ZZ9^L}Z]L2]ZLo7Z L }o}2] o]ZZLZZKLZ]L ]Z ZL]}LKL_ www.notesolution.com
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