Lecture 5: Chapter 6

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

Lecture 5: Chapter 6 Epidemiological Profiles of Global Health and Disease Table 6.1 Public Health Epidemiologic Terms Incidence J rate of new cases Prevalence J overall rate of disease per year Duration = length of time illness lasts Case Fatality = % of deaths among all people with a particular disease Disability = physicalmental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity (work, personalhousehold tasks) Risk factor = individualized activity or condition that may increase chance of developing a disease BOX 2.2: The Demographic Transition - Explains population size shifts - Virtually all societies have gone thru a transition from: high mortality, high fertility to low mortality, low fertility Stage 1: high birth rate but fluctuating death rate Stage 2: decline death rate contin birth rate Stage 3: decline in both birth and death rate Stage 4: low death and low but fluctuating birth rate Malthus: Population increases geometrically: subsistence, arithmetically Poverty is the result unless there is moral restraint (less sex) - Too many people for earth to support earth will run out of resources Karl Marx: Each mode of production has its corresponding mode of reproduction Possible explanations for decreased fertility - Shift from subsistence agriculture to factory: means smaller family size needed - Higher marginal cost of extra child in urban settingdecline of multi-family households - More woman educated + paid labor force - Do}KL}Z} ]oZ ]ZZKZ~}L[Ll]Z}l }}ZL}2 - Long workdayshift work = less leisure time - Contraceptive technologiesbirth spacing (1840s condoms) - 9L 7 }L}K]Z; } ]}LMM BOX 2.4: The Epidemiologic transition - Long term shifts in overall mortality rates - As infectious diseases recede (and lower death) replaced by degenerative and so called manmade disease Stages of Transition - Pestilence and Famine J women ate after everyone - Receding Pandemics J lowering pandemic deaths - Degenerative and human-made diseases Age of Pestilence + Famine - Low life expectancy, high mortality, high swings mortality, little population growth Should also emphasize - Role of warfare and violence (infections) www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for IDSB04H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.