Lecture 10 Notes

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International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

IDSB04 Lec 10: Human Health and the Environment Box 10-1: Definitions Table 10-2: The Impact of Environmental Problems and Conditions on Health Table 10-3: Agents of Environmental Health Problems P. 472-3: Ecology through the ages From hunter gatherers (150 000ya) in balance with enviro and suffered little from famines To domestication of animals and plants (10-15 000ya) To human settlements and cities (5000ya) To extractive industries (9001500) mining for fuel and metals, etc. To imperial exploitation (1600 onwards) To the industrial revolution (19 century) To era of mass production and consumption Environmental problems have accumulated during less than 10% of human history Key questions: political economy of environmental health: determinants, effects, and responses Fig. 10-1: political economy of environmental health determinants, effects, and responses P. 475-8: climate change UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reached consensus in 2007 that: Temperature are rising (more in last century than ever before; 1990s hottest decade on record) Related to human activities, especially fossil fuel burning; not simply periodic change relatable to natural activities Magnitude of relationship, currently and in future, remains uncertain www.notesolution.com
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