IDSB04 Lecture 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

IDSB04Lecture 1Introduction to International HealthFigure 42 in the textbookoHealth is not the product of ones individual characteristics but rather composed of numerous complexities shown in Figure 42 that all contribute to ones healthKey DefinitionsAccording to the WHO Health is a state of complete physical mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmityPage 3International healthhealth cooperation between inter nations agreements regarding health issues that cross bordersPage 5thoInternational health came into use in the earth 20 century after sovereign countries began to recognize the value of intergovernmental cooperation and established permanent bodies to address the spread of disease and issues relatedUS Institute of Medicine has defined global health as health problems issues and concerns that transcend national boundaries may be influenced by circumstance or experience in other countries and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutionsPage 6oThe aim of global health is to transcend some of the past uses and understandings of global healthhowever dominance still existsBox 11Economists talk about global public goods as shared goods that everyone needs they attempt to transcend the private sectorSocial unrest refers to social outbreaks due to disease that caused community uproar that authorities were unable to controlInternational health is also conceived as a way of protecting expanding and benefiting marketsfor example pharmaceutical companies insurance markets medical devices marketsKey QuestionsWhen are why did governments wealthy interests and the public become concerned with the spread of disease across borders and territoriesHow were these concerns addressedWhat motivated the rise of international health agencies and what influenced their developmentAntecedents of International HealthththBlack Death 14 to 17 centurybubonic plagueo25 million deaths in Europe 25 populationoPublic health boards cordon sanitaire is a belt around the city that would prevent people from coming in it was believed that if this belt were protecting a population and was readily enforced that the plague could be controlled quarantineoThis also lead to the rise of public health boards that developed a series of measures that they believe would get rid of the plague for example
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