Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSC (30,000)
LINA01H3 (200)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10.docx


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINA01H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan
Lecture
10

Page:
of 9
Lecture 10:
- x bar allows us to handle problematic phrases that do not conform to our tests (substitution or
movement test)) eg. king of England
- the king of England opened parliament think of it as two phrases the king of England (NP) and
opened parliament (VP)
- triangle is a short hand rule to denote what PP goes into pp p’ -
- recursion: when have two N bars (N’ N’)
- the verb putting requires that there is something that follows it; that is why it is a complement
- while, bought the book doesn’t require that something follows it, so that is why in the afternoon is an
adjunct
- v’ can be replaced by do so
- in general, it will always be an adjunct, only specific cases like giving and being require a complement