LINA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Contrastive Distribution, Sonorant, Predicable

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27 Oct 2017
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Natural classes: set of sounds that are similar often together in a language, sound similar, they work together in phonology. Phonetics: study of the physical properties of speech sounds. Identify the phonemic inventory (set of sounds in that language) of a language by identifying distinctive phonemes. [p] and [ph] are both heard as distinctive sounds in hindi. Contrastive distribution: when sounds occur in the same phonetic environment and cause a difference in meaning, the sound immediately preceding and the sound immediately following. [f] [s] [b] [r] [d] [n] can all occur at the beginning of the world and before [_i: substituting one phone for the other causes a contrast in meaning, minimal pairs then they are in contrastive distribution. If difference between phones causes a difference (contrast) in meaning, the phones are in contrastive distribution: different phonemes, 2 phones are in complementary distribution:

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