LINA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Hong Kong English, Speech Community, Sociolinguistics
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•Studies language in social contexts.
•Object of study is the speech community, as
opposed to the individual speaker.
any group sharing sociolinguistic norms
(=conventions) of language use
•In a broad sense all speakers of English are
a very big speech community - we share
norms about word order, vocabulary, etc.
Sociolinguistics: studies language in social contexts, object of study is the speech community, as opposed to the individual speaker. www. notesolution. com. This is a relative term: there may also be lexical and grammatical differences between varieties. www. notesolution. com. Sociolect: a dialect strongly associated with some social group. Ethnic dialect: a dialect strongly associated with a particular ethnic group. Regional dialect: a dialect strongly associated with a particular geographical area. www. notesolution. com. Dialect vs language: the dialect/language distinction can be problematic. Varieties: a more neutral term often used: varieties www. notesolution. com. Speech varieties: within a given variety one also finds differences of style or register. A speech style: defined in terms of formality of the speech situation and varies a long a continuum, from informal to formal. Sociolinguistic norms: most speech communities are heterogeneous in that they support multiple speech varieties. Often, one variety is considered by speakers to be standard, and is viewed as more correct". www. notesolution. com.