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Lecture 9

LINA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Sociolinguistics, Received Pronunciation, Abstract Window Toolkit


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINA02H3
Professor
Eri Takahashi
Lecture
9

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LINA02 – Lecture 9 – Sociolinguistics
Social dialects:
Interactions of many complex factors, but overall, language is used to project
social identity
Examples of social factors & linguistic variables:
Ethnic group + Register:
oUse of [a] instead of [o] before [r] in words like short and forty in Boston
oLaferriere 1979
Socio-economic class & register:
oUse of [u]
instead of [ju] in
words like
news, due,
duke in St.
Louis, Missouri
oT.E. Murrary
1986
Other social identities:
gang membership
oUse of [in] for –ing [ ŋ] in reading style for gang members in Harlemɪ
oLabov 1973
Variation within individual speakers:
Register: Formal <-- Informal
Interlocutors
Topic
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