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Lecture 3

LINB04H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Bracket, Underlying Representation, Null Hypothesis

10 Pages
135 Views
Winter 2015

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINB04H3
Professor
Yoonjung Kang
Lecture
3

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Memorize that this meaning goes with this sound is
called null hypothesis
If english Is just a list of words, how do u explain
that we know a word is not english
Null hypothesis is therefore wrong
Based on other rules u develop a generalization that
u can project
We know its constrastive because we have minimal
pairs
Not contrastive, using either one does not change
the meaning of the word
Variation is below level of consciousness
Complimetary distribution its all predictable , they
don’t overlap in their distribution
Lec 3
January 20, 2015
LINB04 Page 1
You know something about the distrubtion of these
occurance so u can write a rule about it
Underlying representation
Represent surface forms as the same
Surface representation - represent allophones
Underlying representation gets brackets
And then surface gets square brackets
LINB04 Page 2
Its posible its sensetive to other farther things and it might be tone or stress
[s]
e_a
#_a
o_o
a_u
u_a
a_e
i_o
[sh]
e_i
i_i
#_i
u_i
o_i
LINB04 Page 3

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Description
Lec 3 January 20, 2015 9:06 AM Memorize that this meaning goes with this sound is called null hypothesis If english Is just a list of words, how do u explain that we know a word is not english Null hypothesis is therefore wrong Based on other rules u develop a generalization that u can project We know its constrastive because we have minimal pairs Not contrastive, using either one does not change the meaning of the word Variation is below level of consciousness Complimetary distribution its all predictable , they don’t overlap in their distribution LINB04 Page 1 You know something about the distrubtion of these occurance so u can write a rule about it Underlying representation Represent surface forms as the same Surface representation - represent allophones Underlying representation gets brackets And then surface gets square brackets LINB04 Page 2 Its posible its sensetive to other farther things and it might be tone or stress [s] e_a #_a o_o a_u u_a a_e i_o [sh] e_i i_i #_i u_i o_i LINB04 Page 3 i is a natural class However e u o a is not a class, its elsewhere LINB04 Page 4 LINB04 Page 5 C consonants V vowels Paranthesisis optional element Curly brackets are junctions For example vowel becomes high before consonant OR word final C0 o or higher number O consonants or any higher consonants Csub0 up2 limited the number
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