LINB10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Headword, Participle, Infinitive

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10 Aug 2016
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English Grammar LINB10H3
WEEK 3 (Chapter 4)
-Verbs and Predicates:
Verbs are known as lexical categories that indicate the action of the sentence
Main Verbs: express actions or states of being and may occur
independently
Helping Verbs: include auxiliaries and modals, acts as support for
main verbs and cannot exist independently
Auxiliaries: have, be, do
Can have different forms depending on the context
Can function as the main verb if there are no other
verbs in the sentence
Ex. I did my homework.
To become questions or negative sentences, add an
auxiliary
Ex. Did I do my homework?
Modals: should, would, could, shall, will, can, might, must, may
Only have one form
Carry more semantic meaning than auxiliaries
Never occur alone
Rules of the Helping Verb:
1) Modal
2) Any form of Have
3) A form of Be
4) Main verb which is the headword
They might make it perfect. (modal + main verb)
They might have buried it. (modal + have + main
verb)
They might have been married. (modal + have +
be + main verb)
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