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Lecture 9

LINB20H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Social Isolation, Tok Pisin, Michif Language

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Safieh Moghaddam

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Lecture 09. Thursday, March 10, 16
Language Contact (textbook chapter 11)
Physical isolation
Social isolation
Linguistic isolation
Isolation plays and important role in language maintenance
Language contact
Language contact:
When speakers of varieties of the same language constantly communicate with each
Code switching:
Bilingual speakers – alternate between languages in once conversation
Situational: usually in a social context, using one language for a particular
context, another language for another
oCan be between languages
oEx. Sitting with the family having dinner, then the convo goes from
casual to prestigious way, but still in the same language
oCan be between styles, formal to informal
-Code switching usually happens at the end of the clause
-When you insert one word from a different language into the clause it’s not
considered code switching, its call nonce borrowing
Why do you think people code switch?
No equivalent form for that language
Identity, sense of belonging
Matrix language
The dominant language
Mother tongue
Deficit hypothesis:
Bilinguals code switch because they are not competent in one language
This is not true
Lexical gap:
People code switch because sometimes one concept can’t be said in another
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