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Lecture 10

LINB20H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Code Switch, Ethnolect, African American Vernacular English

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Safieh Moghaddam

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Lecture 10. Thursday, March 17, 16
Language and Ethnicity
Race vs. Ethnicity
Race is a biologically engineered feature, skin colour, skin tone, your eye,
hair, tendency to develop certain diseases, related to your appearance,
oCannot be changed
oPhysical (ex. White, Asian, South Asian…)
Ethnicity is a learned cultural behaviour
oCultural (Italian, Sri Lankan, German…)
Ethnicity is NOT race
You can know someone’s race and not ethnicity, ex knowing someone is
Asian but not knowing which Asian country they are from
People move to other countries for different reasons (education, due to war, travel
social and political forces). When they move to a country the first use their first
language and then they little by little they learn a second language and keep some of
their feature from their first language “ethnolects”
Dialect created and spoken by a specific ethnic group
They keep some features from L1 while learning L2
Ex. She go to the bank
Speaking your second language with an accent and not being fluent in it
Ethnic boundaries
Ex. In USA the division is black and white, and its something seen throughout
In Canada it’s the French, English distinction
Marking your ethnic identity
Sometimes one single linguistics feature can show that you belong to a
certain ethnic group
Ex. Aks (African American), haitch (catholic people from Newfoundland) eh
Strategies that people use to show ethnicity:
oHeritage Language
oCode Switch
oPronunciation, grammar, stress patterns
Speakers make choices as to which ethnicity they are a part of
Sometimes people have mixed features
Who uses more ethnolect?
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