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Lecture 3

Lecture Three Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Chandan Narayan

Linguistics Lecture 3 September 30, 2010 The only things that can be nasal or oral are STOPS Vowels and their classification: - Produced with no major obstruction in the vocal tract so that air can flow relatively freely through the mouth - Criteria of vowel classification: o Change in vowel quality (monophthongs-one vowel sound vs dipthongs-two vowel sounds) o Tongue body height o Tongue body backnessfrontness o Lip rounding-how round your lips are when you make a sound o Tenseness (i.e. the difference in bait and bet or pete or pit) Monophthongs vs Dipthongs - Whether the vowel quality stays stable throughout the vowel or not o Monophtongs (simple vowels) Vowels produced with one stable vowel quality Hot, hit, met, mat o Dipthongs Vowels produced with a change in vowel quality Consist of a vowel and a glide ([j] or [w]) Hide, loud, boy, say Tongue and body height - Height of the tongue body o High: heed, hit, whod, hood o Mid: head, hayed, hud, arrest o Low: had, hot, hide, how Backness of tongue body - Backness of the highest point of the tongue body o Front: heed, hid, hay, head o Central: hud, arrest, hi o Back: hood , whod, hoe, boy Lip rounding -lip rounding - rounded: whod, hoed - undrounded: all other vowels Tenseness
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