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Lecture 8

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LINA01H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan
Semester
Summer

Description
LINA01 Lecture 8 Tuesday, July 10, 12  Defining systactic categories: o Meaning:  Not all meanings are well-define (eg. assassination)  Nouns (N): o Inflection: pluralized  Adjectives (A): o Inflections: -er, -est o Preceded by degree words  Preposition (P): o Followed by a noun phrase o On the bus the bus is the noun phrase  Adverb (adv): o Preceded by degree words  Determiners (Det): o Specifies a function  The book vs a book  The book specifies a specific book, but a book can mean any book. (but a is a determiner as well, sooo kinda contradicts the meaning, no?) o Can’t be preceded by degree words  Auxiliaries (Aux): o Modal aux  Indicate meaning o Non-modal aux:  Indicate types (dafaq?)  John has arrived: has is an aux modifying the verb (arrived)  Conjuctions (con): o Join together two words or phrases  Constituent structure: o The child found the puppy:  The following sub-groups make sense:  The child  Found the puppy
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