Class Notes (806,627)
Canada (492,361)
Linguistics (436)
LINA01H3 (159)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Chandan Narayan

Lecture 5 Phonemes & allophones  Phonemes: differ in one sound and mean different things. 2 words that sound similar except for one sound.  Allophone: predictable variant of a phoneme based on a rule. Contextual variant of a phoneme. A phoneme changes in a small way to accommodate the context.  Phonemes are not predictable. Rules and derivations  Underlying means it is in our heads. Formalizing the rule  /x//y/ / A_B. this means that the phoneme becomes this allophone in the context of (which is represented by /), by being in between A and B.  It doesn’t matter what comes before or after.  Might be asked to use phonetic terms on the exam. What type of process is this?  POA: phoneme n is an alveolar.  Following affects preceding. Spanish  Z never comes at the beginning of a word.  Relevant context is the final for [s] would be _a, _k, _I, _t, _#, _p and for [z] it would be _l, _m, _v, _d, _g, __b.  A, i, l, m, v, d, g, b are voiced.  S is the phoneme. /s/  [z] / _?c. What type of process is this?  Voicing of following is affecting the target sound. Question  Answer is voicing.  What determines whether you say t or d at the end? If the voicing characteristic of the final sound of the roo
More Less

Related notes for LINA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.