RLGA01H3 2011 Fall
Key Terms for the Lectures on Hinduism:
sanatana dharma- eternal law/ eternal duty
tilak (or tilaka)- the most common visual sign of Hindu culture is the forehead
mark or Tilaka , especially the red dot worn by married women. Some men wear
is also, mainly the ascetics and temple priests. A forehead mark in the Hindu
tradition may be interpreted in many ways depending on gender and martial status.
Marks denoting affiliation to particular deity may be made with white clay,
sandalwood past, smoke-collyrium, flower petals or ash.
Bharata- indigenous term for india
Karma-The doctrine of karma assumes that a natural causal mechanism
conditions individual destiny
Indus Valley Civilization
Mohenjo-Daro –site in the Indus valley
Aryans- They were not highly organized. They were nomads rather than settled
Sanskrit- the official language of the hindu religion
Puranas- The Puranas: a new collection of texts composed to extol the glories of
the deities and specify the forms of worship. Many Hindus today revere the Puranas as
the fifth Veda.
Bhagavad-Gita- This view is expressed in the Bhagavad Gita.
Desireless action is possible only through egoless bhakti faith;
The true suspension of all karma is impossible.
Vedas Rg-Veda- indra is the most important deva(god)
Brahmans- the priests
Brahman- the single source of all that is.
Rita- known as an abstract impersonal principle that governed the world
Purusha (or Purusa)- A great primeval sacrifice performed by the gods in which
the body of a victim called Purusha was dismembered.
The Laws of Manu- attributed to the sage Manu, articulates the etiquette and
duties of each class (varna) and of each age group in the new brahman-dominated society.
jatis- hereditary occupational groups.
Brahman- the priest
ksatriya-the rulers and warriors
vaisya- the common people
sudra- a class of menials
Dharmasastra - New texts known collectively as the Dharmasastra were created.
The Dharmasastra assume that one’s birth location is the most telling indication of one’s
karma. Asramas- In Hinduism, the Fo