MDSA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Feudalism, Age Of Enlightenment, Industrial Society

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3 Nov 2016
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Media Studies Lecture Four
The European Roots of Media and Western Society
Key Epochs
- The Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Reformation and Counter-Reformation
- The Enlightenment
- The Industrial Revolution
- The Modern Era
The Middle Ages
+ Feudal society and dominance of the Church
The rules of kings and queens. Monarchy.
Canada's head of state is Queen of England. Constitutional monarchy.
The Renaissance
+ Return to the classical teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, the emergence of humanism
+ Marked by the development of Gutenberg's printing press (1454)
+ Printing presses disseminated ideas and spread literacy
(ability to read and write used to be limited to scholars and monks in the church.)
(distribution of written material.)
(ability to distribute new ideas had profound social ramifications. Largest of which was the reformation)
+ New ideas from other regions could lead to social change and destablization.
The European Roots of Media and Western Society
- The Reformation
+ Martin Luther criticized the Catholic Church and advocated a more individual relationship with God
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+ Printing of the Bible made it more accessible to people, weakening the power of the Church
+ Witnessed the rise of humanist ideas
- Counter-Reformation
+ A conservative backlash that led to re-establishment of Church and state as heads of power,
censorship, and state control of printing and publishing.
+ This backlash often targeted publishers and distributors of humanist printed materials.
- Age of Reason/ The Enlightenment
(private property emerged at this time)
+ Return to humanism, and the application of the scientific approach
+ Key philosophers: Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Adam Smith
+ Expanding elite class: the bourgeoise (somewhat wealthy city-dwellers. Traders, merchants et)
+ Development of the public sphere ( a concept introduced in lecture three)
(a kind of "space". Conceptual space where members of the public come together to discuss and debate
ideas of political importance.
Coffee shops.
Habermass developed idea of public sphere (1960s 1970s)
The Industrial Revolution, Communication, and Social Form
- Industrial Revolution lead to the development of cities and the need for improved communication
across distances.
- Social changes: shift to the nuclear family and the distinction between work and leisure time
- The telegraph and telephone "shrank space through time."
The telegraph created the idea of communication that we know of today
Prior to the telegraph communication and transportation were the same thing. Telegraph allowed for
the two to seperate.
* LUDDITE: people who are very much opposed to technology. Anti-technology.
- Photograph (early 1840s) created connections to people and events in far-away places
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Document Summary

+ feudal society and dominance of the church. Canada"s head of state is queen of england. + return to the classical teachings of ancient greece and rome, the emergence of humanism. + marked by the development of gutenberg"s printing press (1454) + printing presses disseminated ideas and spread literacy (ability to read and write used to be limited to scholars and monks in the church. ) (distribution of written material. ) (ability to distribute new ideas had profound social ramifications. + new ideas from other regions could lead to social change and destablization. The european roots of media and western society. + martin luther criticized the catholic church and advocated a more individual relationship with god. + printing of the bible made it more accessible to people, weakening the power of the church. + a conservative backlash that led to re-establishment of church and state as heads of power, censorship, and state control of printing and publishing.

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