The onion provides satirical news, but some people believe that it is real news. Pragmatic solution the onion should post a disclaimer with their articles so that people know their news is not real. Slide 6: metaphysics, study of being and existence(ontology) and the world (cosmology, ontology - can be thought of as the very basis of life, what does it mean to be. Truth is transcendent, constant, a universal one. Truth is out there waiting to be discovered. Philosophers and world scientists have been debating: free will/determinism. When you are going to reach for something, in the brain the brain process is already occurring before the person is about to reach, is there really free will: these are not pragmatic questions. Measure and produce tangible results and benefits. The debate at occupy wall street: to what end: did not have a pragmatic answer which is why it failed. Slide 19 three key pragmatists: william james (1842-1910, a.