MDSA02H3 Lecture Notes - Berthold Von Henneberg, Woodblock Printing, Stained Glass

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Media Studies
Course
MDSA02H3
Professor
1
MDA02: CHAPTER 2 Printing
Printing enabled mass education, began mass communication and publication created a sense of “the public”
A Chinese Invention
Wherever printing has gone it has been followed by censorship and propaganda
1486 censorship of the printed work can be traced to Archbishop Berthold von Henneberg in the same
German city where Gutenberg had his printing shop
o He did not invent printing, before him ppl were carving things into wood, clay etc
o He didn’t invent the printing press…he came up with a superior printing press that used hard metal
punches to make soft lead type of a precise height and an oil based ink that stuck to the type -> he
began the process that moved the world into the Modern age
He mustve known something about block printing
Missionaries and other travelers who returned to Europe w/ news of the Chinese invention of paper may have
reported a greater number of books were printed in china
Europe at the time was a diffusion of kingdoms and baronies but merchants still looked for trade and
beaurocrats needed records
o Printing came first efficient way to spread info beyond the range of human voice
o Organized mail serviced took root, universities were more available, students sought books
Early Printing in Europe
Before Gutenberg’s printing press, most books in Europe were written in Latin and unavailable to an illiterate
public
Info came from preachers or balladeers = If something written needed to be revealed, on person could real
aloud to others (usually a local priest, monks)
Stained glass church windows carried the only history most ppl knew about
At the time book production existed in Europe was copied by hand, line after line
Printing and Literacy
Modern age growth of literacy [printing + literacy came hand to hand]
Cheap books were coming off the press so a reading public grew
Printed books were smaller than manuscripts, easier to read printed texts promoted silent and quicker reading
allowed people privacy and quiet (esp w/ the invention of the chimney which heated private rooms)
More merchants and artisans learned to read
o Merchants (middle class) arose to claim its place in society, ad literacy was a useful tool they took their
children to school and stayed to learn themselves
When feudalism was dying out, birth didn’t dictate who sat in city govn’t, instead ability to read and write had
more power
The nobility insisted that their authority was a right bestowed by god they made sure their sons became
educated
The Reformation
Before Gutenberg, books were costly copying was careless and libraries were small and private
The church controlled nearly all education and was a tool used to spread faith
The pivotal religious movement was the Protestant Reformation, 16t c. as an effort to reform the dominant
roman catholic church, martin Luther made effective use of Gutenberg’s invention
o Pamphlets and posters were becoming widespread through the country from his campaign
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Document Summary

Printing enabled mass education, began mass communication and publication created a sense of the public . Wherever printing has gone it has been followed by censorship and propaganda. 1486 censorship of the printed work can be traced to archbishop berthold von henneberg in the same. He must"ve known something about block printing. Missionaries and other travelers who returned to europe w/ news of the chinese invention of paper may have reported a greater number of books were printed in china. Before gutenberg"s printing press, most books in europe were written in latin and unavailable to an illiterate public. Info came from preachers or balladeers = if something written needed to be revealed, on person could real aloud to others (usually a local priest, monks) Stained glass church windows carried the only history most ppl knew about. At the time book production existed in europe was copied by hand, line after line.

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