Lecture 02 September 18, 2012
Theory is an explanatory and interpretive tool that simultaneously
The mode of production (economic relationships) is the base or the
“determinant element” of our thoughts.
Feudalism – A system for ordering society around relationships derived fro
the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.
Mode of production
(System of economic relations)
Base to Superstructure
The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas.
The ideas of any given age are those promulgated and popularized by the
ruling class in its own interests
The ruling class believes its own message
It has within itself a group of conceptualizing ideologists who, as Marx puts
it, “make it their chief source of livelihood to develop and perfect the
illusions of the class about itself” The ruling classes – the bourgeoisie – try to convince everyone that
capitalism is natural and therefore eternal
The mass media perform their job of distracting people from the realtie