Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
MGHC53H3 (5)
Ted Mock (5)

Chapter 1

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Management (MGH)
Ted Mock

Labour RelationsTed MockChapter OneIndustrial relations labour relations and human resources managementIndustrial relations IR generally refers to the employment relationship in a unionized environmentIt examines relationships between employees and their unions and companies and their managers as well as the government agencies that oversee this relationshipSome academics ague that the term industrial relations also encompasses the employment relationship in nonunion settings but this is not the generally accepted use of the term in industryFor example the University of Toronto Centre for Industrial Relations at 121 St George St recently changed its name to the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources to reflect the fact the IR tends to refer to unionized employment relationships while HR focuses on nonunion settingsLabour Relationsthis term is less contentious and refers to employment relationships and issues in a unionized setting Also known as unionmanagement relationsIn many firms the managers involved in labour relations for the company are called Labour Relations Manager or VP of Labour RelationsA union is a group of employees at least two who are recognized by law Labour Relations Act who collectively bargain terms and conditions of employment with their employerThe terms and conditions of employment are contained in the Collective Agreement CAOnce negotiated the company must abide by the CA and all employees in the bargaining unit are covered by the terms of the CAThe process of negotiating the collective agreement is called collective bargainingIt is collective in the sense that the agreement applies to all employees in the bargaining unitIt is bargaining in the sense that both parties union and management attempt to get what is best for their side so there is compromise give and take and attempts to exert power and influence over the other partyOne way a union attempts to influence power at the bargaining table is to strike withdraw services of employees or threaten to strikeCompanies can threaten to lock out employees as a way to exert power at the bargaining tableThe term Human Resources Management focuses on the employment relationship between the individual and the company and therefore applies to a nonunion setting or nonunion jobs in a unionized setting
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