Textbook notes-Chapter 3-Perception, Attribution and Judgement of Others

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Management (MGH)
Andrew Davidson

1 CHAPTER 3 J PERCEPTION, ATTRIBUTION, AND JUDGEMENT OF OTHERS WHAT IS PERCEPTION perception: the process of interpreting the messages of or senses to provide order and meaning to the environment - help sort out and organize the complex and varied input receive by our senses of sight, smell, touch , taste and hearing - key word is interpreting - ppl often base their action on the interpretation of reality that their perceptual system provides, rather than on reality itself - some of the most imp perceptions that influence ob are the perceptions that organizational members have of each other COMPONENTS OF PERCEPTION -3 components: perceiver, a target that is being perceived and some situational context in which the perception is occurring each of component influences the perceivers impression or interpretation of the target 1) the perceiver -Z ]Z[]L 7LZ7LK}]}LZ L Z]ZlZ ]}L}2 - one of the most imp characteristics of the perceiver that influences hisher impression of a target is experience - past experiences develop expectations, and affect current perceptions - often our needs unconsciously influence our perceptions by causing us to perceive what we wish to perceive - perceivers who have been deprived of food will tend to see more dibble things in ambiguous pics than well fed ppl - emotions can influence perceptions perceptual defence: the tendency for the perceptual system to defend the perceiver against unpleasant emotions 2) the target - perception involves interpretation and the addition of meaning to the target and ambiguous targets are especially susceptible to interpretation and addition - perceivers have a need to resolve such ambiguities - ]}ZL[} LoZZooZ]Lfo provided by the target 3) the situation - every instance of perception occurs in some situation context, and this context can affects what one perceives - the most imp effect that the situation can have is to add info about the target - the perceiver and the target are the same, but the perception of the target changes with the situation www.notesolution.com
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