Textbook notes-Chapter 5-Theories of Work Motivation

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Management (MGH)
Andrew Davidson

1 CHAPTER 5 J THEORIES OF WORK MOTIVATION WHY STUDY MOTIVATION - need for increased productivity to be globally competitive - rapid changes that contemporary organizations are undergoing - tradition systems are being replaced by requirements for flexibility and attention to customers that necessitate higher levels of initiative , and this initiative depends on motivation WHAT IS MOTIVATION Basic characteristics of motivation 1) effort - strength of the persons work related behaviour, or the amount of effort the person exhibits on the job 2) persistence 3) direction : do workers channel persistent effort in a direction that benefits the organizations? - correct decision increase the probability that persistent effort is actually translated into accepted organizational outcomes 4) goals Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation intrinsic motivation: motivation that stems from the direct relationship bw the worker and the tasks its usually self applied ex. feeling of achievement extrinsic motivation: motivation that stems from the work environment external to the task, its usually applied by others . ex.pay - some motivators can be both - some study: the availability of extrinsic motivators can reduce the intrinsic motivation stemming from the task itself - study: negative effect of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation occurs only under very limited conditions and theta re easily avoidable - in organizational settings in which individuals see extrinsic rewards as symbols of success and as signals of what to do to achieve future rewards, they increase their task performance Motivation and performance performance: the extent to which an organizational member contributes to achieving the objectives of the organizations - intelligence (mental ability) also predict performance - 2 forms of intelligence imp: 1) general cognitive ability: a persons basic information processing capacities and cognitive resources (intelligence mental ability) - reflects a persons an individuals overall capacity and efficiency for processing info and includes a number f cognitive abilities such as verbal, numerical, spatial, and reasoning abilities that are www.notesolution.com
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