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Lecture

MGHB02H3 Lecture Notes - Participant Observation

by OC4

Department
Management (MGH)
Course Code
MGHB02H3
Professor
Samantha Montes

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Thursday, September-17-09 Organizational Behaviour Appendix
Research in Organizational Behaviour
Research is a way of finding out about the world through objective and systematic
information gathering
THE BASICS OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR RESEACH
Equity is concerned with peoples’ reactions to fairness or lack of it
Hypothesis is a formal statement of the expected relationship between two variables
Variables are simply measures that can take on two or more values
o Temperature
o Pay
o Fairness
o Absenteeism
Types of Variables
Independent Variable is a predictor or cause of variation in a dependent variable
Dependent Variable is a variable that will vary as a result of changes in the independent
variable
Example: Attendance bonus as independent variable, and absenteeism as dependent
variable
Moderating Variable is a variable that affects the nature of the relationship between an
independent and dependent variable such that the relationship depends on the level of the
moderating variable
o Example: independent variable is attendance bonus, dependent variable is
absenteeism and moderating variable is pay satisfaction
Mediating Variable is a variable that intervenes or explains the relationship between an
independent and dependent variable
o Example: : independent variable is attendance bonus, dependent variable is
absenteeism, and mediating variable is motivation
Measurement of Variables
Reliability is an index of consistency of a research subject’s responses
o Example: someone should answer the same way to each question if asked it
several times
Validity is an index of the extent to which a measure truly reflects what it is supposed to
measure
o Example: researcher should expect people who are objectively underpaid to report
high pay unfairness
Good measures should be strongly related to other measures of the same variable and
should not be related to measures of different variables
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