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Lecture 8

MGHB02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Escalator, Stanford Prison Experiment, Murder Of Kitty Genovese

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Brian Connelly

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February 28, 2017 Lecture 8: Social Influence and Socialization
Presence of others improving or impeding performances
o Being around other people changes our performance
Stanford Prison Experiment Philip Zimbardo
o People take on the role they are put in
Interactions between the person and situation
o Different persons respond differently to the same situation
o Situations choose the person
Not everyone has access to every situation
o People choose their situations
o Different situations prime different parts of the person
o Persons change the situation
o Situations change the persons
Group situation
o Kitty Genovese
o Bystander effect: the more bystanders there are, the less likely any
one of them will help a person in need
o Diffusion of responsibility
More people around, less likely to get help
o Fear of making social blunders
Wary of stepping into situations they don’t understand
o Anonymity
Not clear who’s responsible for intervening, they wont help
o Cost-benefit trade-off
Good seminarian study
Social norms
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