Ethics Week 8
THREE GOALS OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION:
a) first set is for people who are presently in the system like women and minorities in the
b)second is to act as role models so that when people look at the major institutions they see
people who resemble them in positions of authority
c) third is beneficiaries of those who USED to be in the workforce, by adopting work place
policies now, we are in some way paying a debt to people of colour, women and gays who
have gone by, who suffered from bigotry before and suffered and did so valiantly (owe a debt
to people who live in the past)
-if the beneficiaries are people of colour and women etc...”most of these people are no longer
with us”, is this really a legitimate argument?
-if something that happens when somebody is dead, can it have an effect on their life
-philosophers say, imagine someone trying to devote their life to prevent Venice from
sinking in the sea, and if this person worked very hard and then died, and then five years
later it sunk into the sea; does this event after the person died, in anyway effect their life or
the purpose of their life, or does it have no impact?
-issue of reparations for Japanese-Canadians; they were interned, property was confiscated
and they were placed into internment camps ; after world war 2 there were no apologies or
amends made for this
-late 80’s government tried to right this wrong, and when they met with this community,
they said the individuals should get money rather than the community
-should the remedy be to the group, or to the individual?
-in this situation they were giving a group remedy to individuals
-past wrongs can still be corrected through memorials, history classes, etc.
1.)Bringing the pollutee (entity being polluted) into the market
-creating private property rights, and letting the market handle the issue of
pollution that results
-example: recommending that we privatize the oceans of the world; we know that
private property bring in a heightened sense of responsibility and by giving them a
stake of ownership is the best way to overcome the tragedy of the commons when its
not in anyone’s self-interest to take any action
-tragedy of commons: when things are publicly owned they will get degraded and the
only way to prevent this is to privatize it