Class Notes (836,583)
Canada (509,859)
VPMA99H3 (32)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - Africa

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Music and Culture
Annette Sanger

Lecture 6Africa Tuesday March 13 2012 505 PM Readings Once again we are dealing with a very vast diverse and complex area We can only begin to scratch the surface of the music cultures found in Africa where sometimes people from one village will not recognize the music of the next village as comprehensible or meaningful We will be exploring a variety of musical genres and instruments demonstrating how they are integral to social cultural and ceremonial life Selected examples range from West African drumming at a royal ceremony honouring the chief to communal musicmaking among the huntergatherer Forest Peoples also known as Pygmies who live in Central AfricaMap of Africa I have given you a few small articles to read plus web links to follow up if you have time andor interest Remember that you will be required to read the articles I provide since information they contain may appear on the final exam However materials under the Selected web sites heading will not be on the exam rather they are there to spark your interest and where possible provide you with audiovisual materials John Miller Chernoff introduces the reader to the complexities of African rhythm and metre He makes it clear that to understand and appreciate African rhythms one has to enter into an entirely different kind of musical sensibility that is aware of and can encompass ambiguity through the coexistence of different metric structures You can try some of the Bell patterns Doing this music or at least getting a handson feel for the rhythms is simply the best and perhaps only way to appreciate its aesthetic In the excerpts chosen from a Thomas Turino article we encounter two societies standing at opposite ends of the sociocultural continuum the BaMbuti Pygmies a rather pejorative term but one still widely used of the central rain forests and the Mande from the west coast The BaMbuti have little musical specialization while the Mande have a highlystratified society with a high degree of hereditary occupational specialization Both groups and their musics are dealt with briefly in class But first Turino introduces us to one of the great instruments of the world the mbira sometimes known as the thumbpiano of Zimbabwe by observing a performance context we see the enactment of an important ritual and we also begin to gain insights into the complex principles of African music SubSaharan AfricaArea roughly south of the Sahara desert50 countries800 ethnolinguistic groupsMusic closely related to social and political organization o Great varietyhierarchical states to small egalitarian huntergatherer societies HistoryNot everywhere in Africa wasis poorSince Middle Ages kingdoms have existed o Benin 13001800in presentday Nigeria o Ashanti 17001900 in presentday GhanaKingdoms wealthy Employed many royal musicians
More Less

Related notes for VPMA99H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.