Lecture 4 Questions
1. One CEO (A) arrives promptly 5 minutes before the start of all meetings.
Another CEO (B) arrives sometime around the 5 minute mark after the
meeting has started. What schedule of reinforcement do CEOs A and B
a. A: fixed ratio, B: variable ratio
b. A: variable ratio, B: fixed ratio
c. A: fixed interval, B: variable interval
d. A: fixed ratio, B: variable interval
2. A child learns that to avoid punishment, he should eat all his vegetables. This
is an example of:
a. Positive reinforcement
b. Negative reinforcement
d. Positive contingency
3. A rat with a hippocampal lesion will have greater difficulty locating a reward
in the ______________ task of the T-maze than a rat with a medial prefrontal
cortical lesion because of a deficit in ___________________.
a. Matching-to-place; reference memory
b. Non matching-to-place; reference memory
c. Matching-to-place; spatial working memory
d. Non matching-to-place; spatial working memory
4. For the radial maze task, rats that enter a non-rewarded arm are considered
to have made an error in __________ and rats that re-enter an arm are
considered to have made an error in _______________.
a. S-R learning, A-O learning
b. Reference memory, spatial working memory
c. Spatial working memory, reference memory
d. A-O learning, S-R learning
5. A rat lever presses to obtain a food reward. Which of the following is FALSE?
a. This is an example of a free operant procedure
b. This response is learnt through a shaping procedure
c. This rat’s behaviour is called free action
d. The rat is only allowed to perform a set number of responses by
6. What does Thorndike’s law of effect propose?
a. If a response in the presence of a stimulus is followed by an appetitive
outcome, then the association between the response and outcome is