Class Notes (837,020)
Canada (510,053)
Philosophy (940)
PHLA10H3 (173)
Lecture 14

Lecture 14 Notes

2 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
PHLA10H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Fall

Description
PHLA10 – Lecture 14 Notes November 20 and 22 , 2012 The Philosophy of Mind: Part 2 Chapters 20 - 23  There are three non-dualist/materialist theories of mind 1. Behaviourism  Stands out because it denies mentalism o Mentalism: The idea that mental states are inner states which cause behaviour and are the effects of physical stimuli. Generally unobservable mental states. 2. Mind/Bind Identity Theory 3. Functionalism Logical Behaviourism  Theory that asserts the meaning of the words we use to try and describe mental state is the behaviour that ‘reveals them’ o When we attribute a belief, for example, to someone, we are not saying that he or she is in a particular internal state or condition. Instead, we are characterizing the person in terms of what he or she might do in particular situations or environmental interactions.  Ryle argued the ‘ghost in the machine’ problem: If mentalism is true, this means that nobody knows if anybody else has any mental states then since they are unobservable mental states.  The ‘problem of other minds’: We don’t observe what others think, we only observe how they behave.  How does logical behaviourism solve the problem of other minds? o Behaviour is observable o Are dispositions to behave observable?  Examples: Solubility and brittleness  Mental states: (1) In my own case, I notice that when I produce behavior B, I usually am in mental state M. (2) I observe that another individual (O) is now producing behavior B. So, O is now in mental state M.  Problems: 1. Circularity problem o Suppose we define (in part) ‘S believes it is raining’ as ‘If S goes out, S will take an umbrella’  Of course, we need many more clauses in the definition and we need to make it more precise  But there is a deep problem here: what if S wants to get wet and
More Less

Related notes for PHLA10H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit